Introduction to gradient flow

  • Recall that the flow is geostrophic when the PGF and the CF are in balance

  • this occurs when the isobars (height lines) are relatively straight

  • what about the case when the isobars have curvature, as around highs and lows????

  • when there is curvature in the flow, we must also consider the centripetal force acting on a parcel.....

700 mb chart